Actress Elizabeth Taylor starred in films like 'Cat on a Hot Tin Roof' and 'Butterfield 8' but was just as famous for her violet eyes and scandalous love life. [62] At the studio, the girl's bungalow was renovated, all traces of her tenure expunged, and the building was reassigned as an office. In 1958, Temple returned to show business with a two-season television anthology series of fairy tale adaptations. Temple died on February 10, 2014, at her home near San Francisco, California. [87], Temple became active in the California Republican Party. By 1940, however, her best films with 20th Century Fox were behind her. Three-hundred-thousand dolls were sold within six months, and 225,000 books between October and December 1958. During the making of Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm, news spread that she was going to do extended scenes without her trademark curls. Shirley Temple was born on April 23, 1928, in Santa Monica, California, and was the third child (two boys, John and George, Jr, preceded her) of housewife Gertrude Temple and banker George Temple. In 1988, she published her autobiography, Child Star.[4]. Temple's original contract for $150 per week is equivalent to $2,960 in 2019, adjusted for inflation; however, the economic value of $150 during the Great Depression was equal to around $18,500 in 2019 money due to the punishing effects of deflation—six times higher than a surface-level conversion. In December 1998, Temple's lifetime accomplishments were celebrated at the Kennedy Center Honors, held at the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in Washington, D.C. The Independent Theatre Owners Association paid for an advertisement in The Hollywood Reporter in May 1938 that included Temple on a list of actors who deserved their salaries while others' (including Katharine Hepburn and Joan Crawford) "box-office draw is nil".[54]. In 1967, she ran unsuccessfully in a special election in California's 11th congressional district to fill the seat left vacant by the death from leukemia of eight-term Republican J. Arthur Younger. The rumor was so prevalent, especially in Europe, that the Vatican dispatched Father Silvio Massante to investigate whether she was indeed a child. [65], According to biographer Robert Windeler, her 1947–1949 films neither made nor lost money, but "had a cheapie B look about them and indifferent performances from her". Kid 'n' Africa had Shirley imperiled in the jungle. When acting, she wore dental plates and caps to hide the gaps in her teeth. After meeting Shirley in July, Fitzgerald changed his mind, and tried to persuade her mother to let her star in the film. (When off-set, she attended the Westlake School for Girls.) Fearing that either of the latter two could easily upstage Temple, MGM replaced her with Virginia Weidler. Her birth certificate was altered to prolong her babyhood shortly after she signed with Fox in 1934; her birth year was advanced from 1928 to 1929. He warned her that she was typecast, and her career was in perilous straits. [82][83] It faced stiff competition from Maverick, Lassie, Dennis the Menace, the 1960 telecast of The Wizard of Oz, and the Walt Disney anthology television series however, and was canceled at season's end in September 1961. Temple began her film career at the age of three in 1931. In 1950, she married television executive Charles Alden Black, becoming known as Shirley Temple Black, and remained with him until his death in 2005. Temple retired from film in 1950 at the age of 22.[2][3]. [126][127] In February 1980, Temple was honored by the Freedoms Foundation of Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, along with U.S. The film was not a success, and her MGM contract was canceled after mutual consent. [74], At the height of her popularity, Temple was often the subject of many myths and rumors, with several being propagated by the Fox press department. By the end of 1935, her salary was $2,500 a week. Temple died at age 85 on February 10, 2014, at her home in Woodside, California. Her mother, Gertrude, enrolled her in dancing school at the age of 3, and in 1932 little Miss Temple … She confirmed her true age when she was 21 (Burdick 5; Edwards 23, Shirley and her parents traveled to Washington, D.C. late in 1935 to meet Roosevelt and his wife. She was a graduate of Honaker High School. [46], Based on Temple's success, Zanuck increased budgets and production values for her films. Under Zanuck, she was assigned a bodyguard, John Griffith, a childhood friend of Zanuck's,[43] and, at the end of 1935, Frances "Klammie" Klampt became her tutor at the studio. [48][49] Elaborate sets were built for the production at the famed Iverson Movie Ranch in Chatsworth, Calif., with a rock feature at the heavily filmed location ranch eventually being named Shirley Temple Rock. Temple was then lent to other studios. Glad Rags to Riches was a parody of the Mae West feature She Done Him Wrong, with Shirley as a saloon singer. Official: Shirley Temple's death certificate puts the causes of death as pneumonia and COPD, which she suffered for years. "Being a wife and mom is the greatest of her achievements," Agar told Closer Weekly in 2018. Shirley's third film, also with Dunn, was Bright Eyes, a vehicle written especially for her. In 1936, her income from royalties topped $200,000. [128], On September 11, 2002, a life-size bronze statue of the child Temple by sculptor Nijel Binns was erected on the Fox Studio lot.[129]. Most of the Shirley Temple films were inexpensively made at $200,000 or $300,000 apiece, and were comedy-dramas with songs and dances added, sentimental and melodramatic situations, and bearing little production value. © 2020 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. Successful Shirley Temple items included a line of girls' dresses, accessories, soap, dishes, cutout books, sheet music, mirrors, paper tablets, and numerous other items. Shirley Temple Deeter died September 26, 2020, at her home in Riverview, Florida. Fitzgerald objected, saying that at age 12 (going on twenty), the actress was too worldly for the part and would detract from the aura of innocence otherwise framed by Honoria's character. Don Shirley was a 20th-century Jamaican American pianist and composer who often performed with the Don Shirley Trio. Two years later, she achieved international fame in Bright Eyes, a feature film designed specifically for her talents. From 1934 to 1938, when she was at the height of her fame, Shirley Temple (later known as Shirley Temple Black), who has died aged 85, appeared in films as a … [108], In January 1950, Temple met Charles Alden Black, a World War II Navy intelligence officer and Silver Star recipient who was Assistant to the President of the Hawaiian Pineapple Company. [50], Temple's parents and Twentieth Century-Fox sued British writer/critic Graham Greene for libel and won. The tumor was removed and a modified radical mastectomy performed. She was 85. The family moved to Washington, D.C., when Black was recalled to the Navy at the outbreak of the Korean War. [60][61] Her parents bought out the remainder of her contract, and sent her—at the age of 12—to Westlake School for Girls, an exclusive country day school in Los Angeles. Sponsored by Procter & Gamble, Junior Miss was directed by Gordon Hughes, with David Rose as musical director.[70]. After finishing the screenplay, Fitzgerald was told by Cowan that he would not do the film unless Temple starred in the lead role of the youngster Honoria. [100], Later, after she became ambassador to Czechoslovakia, she was present in the Velvet Revolution, which brought about the end of communism in Czechoslovakia. [41], In 1935, Fox Films merged with Twentieth Century Pictures to become 20th Century Fox. As an adolescent, she appeared in The Blue Bird (1940), which performed poorly at the box office. Shirley Temple was easily the most popular and famous child star of all time. [33], After the success of her first three films, Shirley's parents realized that their daughter was not being paid enough money. Adjusted for inflation, that would be an astonishing $43 million. [note 6] The actress retired from films for almost two years, to instead focus on school and other activities. [14], While at the dance school, she was spotted by Charles Lamont, who was a casting director for Educational Pictures. The. "Shirley Temple Black, Hollywood's Biggest Little Star, Dies at 85", "Prague Journal: Shirley Temple Black Unpacks a Bag of Memories", "Shirley Temple, former Hollywood child star, dies at 85", "Shirley Temple Black: 2005 Life Achievement Recipient", "Golden Plate Awardees of the American Academy of Achievement", "Photo: Screen legend Shirley Temple Black with 3-time Heavy Weight Boxing Champion of the World Muhammad Ali at a reception", "Shirley Temple and the House of Rockefeller". [90][91], Temple was extensively involved with the Commonwealth Club of California, a public-affairs forum headquartered in San Francisco. Her charm was evident to Fox executives, and she was ushered into corporate offices almost immediately after finishing "Baby, Take a Bow", a song-and-dance number she performed with James Dunn. One of the many examples of how Temple was permeating popular culture at the time is the references to her in the 1937 film Stand-In: newly minted film studio honcho Atterbury Dodd (played by Leslie Howard) has never heard of Temple, much to the shock and disbelief of former child star Lester Plum (played by Joan Blondell), who describes herself as "the Shirley Temple of my day", and performs "On the Good Ship Lollipop" for him. Shirley Temple Black – Hollywood child star Shirley Temple, who became diplomat Shirley Temple Black, died late February 10 of natural causes in her Woodside, California, home. [117] She announced the results of the operation on radio and television and in a February 1973 article for the magazine McCall's. [66][67] After unsuccessfully auditioning for the role of Peter Pan on the Broadway stage in August 1950,[68] Temple took stock, and admitted that her recent movies had been poor fare. Legendary singing-and-dancing child star Shirley Temple died Monday night of natural causes in her Woodside, Calif., home, surrounded by her family and caregivers. Shirley attended high school in Hardin, Missouri, where she developed a life-long interest in math. Shirley could do it all: act, sing and dance and all at the age of five! Film hits such as Curly Top and Heidi followed year after year during the mid-to-late 1930s. At the time, cancer was typically discussed in hushed whispers, and Temple's public disclosure was a significant milestone in improving breast cancer awareness and reducing stigma around the disease. Temple, who was stranded at a hotel as the tanks rolled in, sought refuge on the roof of the hotel. Two years later, she became chief of protocol of the United States, a position that she would hold until 1977. Shirley Jackson was an acclaimed American writer known for the short story 'The Lottery,' as well as longer works like 'We Have Always Lived in the Castle.'. 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