[46], In its formative stages, Wilma's large circulation spread across much of the western Caribbean Sea, killing 12 people in Haiti and one in Jamaica. After Typhoon Pabuk, Japan, SeaWiFS August 23, 2001. [75], A tropical wave led to the development of Tropical Depression Four in the southeastern Caribbean late on July 4 and further strengthened into Tropical Storm Dennis early the next day. National Hurricane Center Hurricane Noel near peak intensity https://archive.is/20130625152905/img292.imageshack.us/img292/6550/hurricanenoelgx9.png FormationNovember 4, 2001 Dissipation November 6, 2001 Highest winds 75 mph Lowest pressure 986 mbar Deaths None reported Damages Unknown Areas affected Atlantic Canada At this time, the Atlantic basin, which includes the entire Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, and the Gulf of Mexico, is at the highest risk of damage. casualties and damages, and the post-analysis best track (six-hourly [148], A significant storm surge flooded areas of western Cuba, leaving US$704 million in damage. The depression strengthened into Tropical Storm Jose later that day and achieved a maximum strength of 60 mph (95 km/h). The depression quickly became Tropical Storm Erin. 11.) [160] Zeta affected the 2005 Atlantic Rowing Race by producing high swells that moved boats off course. It was also decided that it was not practical to retire a Greek letter. 11691 SW 17th Street Jose was the earliest 10th named storm until surpassed by Tropical Storm Josephine in 2020. About 80% of the city and 83% of neighboring Jefferson Parish evacuated ahead of the storm. Continuing across the Caribbean Sea, Emily eventually strengthened into a Category 5 hurricane on July 16 to the southwest of Jamaica, reaching peak winds of 160 mph (260 km/h). Two tropical depressions failed to become tropical storms. Initially, the storm was classified as Tropical Depression Seven. [16] A total of 7 named storms formed before August 1, which exceeded the record of 5 set in 1997 and was later beaten in 2020. It moved to the northwest without much initial development. 2001 Atlantic hurricane season. The storm's remnants produced strong winds and heavy rain over Atlantic Canada. Wilma moved slowly through the warm waters of the western Caribbean Sea and began a period of rapid deepening on October 18 that lasted into the following day. The hurricane's large circulation also damaged houses in other nearby islands. The remnants of Tropical Depression Ten continued drifting northwestward before degenerating into a tropical wave north of the Leeward Islands. [133][134] In Honduras, the weather system killed seven people and left US$100 million in damage. The United States National Hurricane Center[nb 1] named 27 storms, exhausting the annual pre-designated list and resulting in the usage of six Greek letter names, and also identified an additional unnamed storm during a post-season re-analysis. A year after Hurricane Katrina, Al Collins, a high school basketball coach in Marrero, Louisiana, assembles a team of players who had previously attended five different schools before the disaster and leads them on the path to the state championships. Additionally, public assistance from FEMA totaled over $1.4 billion and grants for hazard mitigation projects exceeded $141.5 million. [137], In the post-season analysis, the National Hurricane Center identified an additional subtropical storm that had gone unclassified during the course of the season. 6, Caribbean, Central America, and Mexico: Hurricane Wilma – Information Bulletin n° 4, "After Wilma Hits Mexico, All Buses Lead To Merida", "Wilma: Inicia la reconstrucción mxm (martes)", "Adding Up Wilma's Fury: $2.9 Billion Countywide – More than 55,000 Homes, 3,600 Businesses Damaged", "Year later, Wilma's wrath still visible", Haiti: Tropical Storm Alpha, Floods OCHA Situation Report No. Considering its activity and devastation, the 2004 Atlantic hurricane season got off to a relatively late start — but it started with a bang. Early on July 8, the hurricane briefly moved over Granma Province in southeastern Cuba. [38][39][46] Wilma's storm surge caused the worst flooding in the Florida Keys since Hurricane Betsy in 1965. With the exception of two years in which El Niño conditions were prevalent (1997 and 2002), all hurricane seasons were individually above average. [128], On September 30, a tropical wave developed into Tropical Depression Nineteen to the west of Cabo Verde. A strengthening trough over western Europe accelerated Delta towards the east-northeast on November 27, concurrent with the brief emergence of an eye and a period of intensification. The United States federal government spent $110.6 billion in relief, recovery and rebuilding efforts, including $16 billion toward rebuilding houses, which was the nation's largest ever housing recovery project. The committee agreed that the usage of the Greek alphabet had a "major important political, economic and social impact globally, which might not have happened if a secondary or circular list of names had been used",[169] and that the Greek alphabet would be used again if the traditional naming list was exhausted. [11] At the start of September, CSU updated their forecasts and predicted that eight more storms would form, with six more hurricanes and three major hurricanes. The 2001 Atlantic hurricane season was a near-average season and was fairly active. Tropical Depression Seven began to track northward while it st… Career Opportunities, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The surface low detached from the frontal zone and acquired tropical characteristics as deep convection wrapped around its center, leading to the development of Tropical Storm Epsilon early on November 29. [66], Delta caused severe damage in the Canary Islands and claimed at least seven lives, including six who drowned after boats overturned; there were 12 people missing from the overturned boat. Two tropical depressions failed to become tropical storms. Felix formed on September 7 as a tropical wave had acquired a well-defined center of circulation. The first storm of the season, Alex, became a tropical storm on Aug. 1, a hurricane on Aug. 3 and a major hurricane on Aug. 5. Dennis re-intensified to a secondary peak of 145 mph (230 km/h) on July 10, only to weaken prior to its final landfall later that day near Pensacola, Florida. Ophelia transitioned into an extratropical storm on September 18 and subsequently crossed Nova Scotia and Newfoundland, eventually dissipating on September 23 north of the Scandinavian Peninsula. The depression strengthened into Tropical Storm Harvey on August 3 while moving northeastward. [45] The system entered the Gulf of Mexico, strengthening into Tropical Storm Cindy early on July 5. One potential hypothesis for these findings was a projected increase in vertical wind shear contradicted by warmer ocean temperatures for hurricanes to utilize. ... and the first since Tropical Storm Barbara in 2001. Its storms caused an estimated 3,912 deaths and approximately $171.7 billion in damage. [101] In New Orleans, storm surge breached the levees along the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway and 17th Street and London Avenue Canals, flooding about 80% of the city. [156] Delta also caused power outages, leaving some 200,000 people without power and forcing airports to close down. [43], Stan killed 80 people in Mexico, and damage in the county was estimated at US$1.2 billion ($13.2 billion MXN). [83], On July 26, Bermuda recorded wind gusts of 37 mph (59 km/h) while the storm made its closest approach. The former hurricane re-intensified over the northern Atlantic Ocean, only to weaken before passing near southern Iceland. [17] Further, the months of July and November set records for number of named storms, with 5 and 3, respectively. [91] Irene was the earliest ninth named storm on record before being surpassed by Hurricane Isaias in 2020. [154], The Colombian island of Providencia was subjected to hurricane-force winds for several hours as the center of the storm moved very slowly by the island. Wind shear from an upper-level low caused the hurricane to weaken back to a tropical storm, exposing the center from the convection. The damage total in El Salvador included impacts from a simultaneous volcano eruption. [15], The Gulf of Mexico saw record levels of tropical activity in 2005, with 11 named storms entering the basin. The research not only reaffirmed a trend toward stronger, wetter tropical cyclones, but it also identified a trend toward increased rapid intensification events and a general slowing of tropical cyclones' forward motion near land. The unusual activity was attributed to a persistent high pressure area over the Southeastern United States, the northeastward displacement and amplification of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) over the eastern Pacific, and above average sea surface temperatures in the Gulf of Mexico. [117][121] Due in part to high temperatures preceding Rita's landfall and elderly susceptibility to excessive heat, at least 80 people died during the mass evacuation;[122] a coach fire en route to Dallas claimed 23 lives. Franklin restrengthened slightly as it accelerated northeastward. [116], In mid-September, the southern extent of a stationary front devolved into a trough north of the Leeward Islands. [67], In western Cuba, Arlene produced wind gusts of 49 mph (79 km/h) at Punta del Este and 6.81 in (173 mm) of rainfall in the city of Pinar del Río. The hurricane re-flooded New Orleans (though to a far less degree than Katrina), and caused about $18.5 billion in damage. Wilma transitioned into an extratropical cyclone on October 26, which was absorbed by a larger extratropical storm a day later over Atlantic Canada. Every year, the Atlantic hurricane season runs from June 1 to November 30 with the peak period occurring from early August through the end of October. [168], After the season had ended, the World Meteorological Organization's hurricane committee retired five names: Dennis, Katrina, Rita, Stan and Wilma and replaced them with Don, Katia, Rina, Sean and Whitney for the 2011 season. It was absorbed by a larger extratropical storm on October 6. On June 10, Arlene struck western Cuba. [12] By the end of September, 17 named storms had developed, of which nine had developed into hurricanes and four had become major hurricanes. [81] The outskirts of Emily dropped heavy rainfall in southern Texas, damaging about $4.7 million worth of cotton. [61][60], Delta originated from a broad and non-tropical low-pressure area that arose 1,380 miles (2,220 km) southwest of the Azores on November 19, initially moving northeast along the trailing fringes of a passing cold front. (RECAP: 2005 Hurricane Season by the Numbers) The tracks of all 28 storms that occurred in the 2005 season. Franklin held the record for the earliest sixth named storm until it was broken by Tropical Storm Fay in 2020. Models developed within the workshops projected that the number of tropical cyclones under Category 3 intensity would fall over the 21st century, while the number of intense Category 4–5 hurricanes would increase significantly. [97][98] The hurricane quickly crossed Florida and emerged into the Gulf of Mexico. Miami, FL, 33165 [76] Later on July 8, Dennis moved ashore again in Matanzas Province. [5], During January 2005, TSR increased its forecast to 13.9 tropical storms, 7.8 hurricanes, 3.6 major hurricanes, and predicted that the ACE rating would be 157. Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) [40] Collectively, Emily and earlier Hurricane Dennis left about US$96 million (J$6 billion) in damage to Jamaica. The four Category 5 hurricanes were also a record. [135] There were also three deaths in Nicaragua and one in Costa Rica. [147] On November 28, Mexico declared a disaster area for 9 of Quintana Roo's 11 municipalities. [151] Numerous homes and businesses experienced some degree of impact, with over 55,000 dwellings and 3,600 workplaces damaged in Palm Beach County alone. On September 23, Philippe weakened to a tropical depression and later a remnant low; it was absorbed by the larger non-tropical cyclone a day later. [50] Wilma killed 12 people in Haiti and one in Jamaica. [15] In addition, the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) was in a neutral phase, lowering the likelihood of storms making landfall on the East Coast of the United States and leading to a concentration of impacts farther west. [46] Alpha killed 26 people in the Caribbean. [45], A tropical wave organized into Tropical Depression Twenty-Five in the eastern Caribbean on October 22. [4] TSR issued its first forecast a few days later and predicted that the season would feature 9.6 tropical storms, 5.7 hurricanes, 3.3 major hurricanes, and predicted that the accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) rating would be 145. On September 2, the depression degenerated into a remnant low, which was absorbed by a cold front two days later. [139] The flooding killed 10 people after 6 to 10 in (150 to 250 mm) of precipitation fell in some locales. [73][74] Across Louisiana, the hurricane left 280,000 people without power. [49][80] In Jamaica, Emily produced 15.43 in (392 mm) of rainfall; associated flooding killed five people on the island. The most devastating effects of the season were felt on the Gulf Coast of the United States, where Katrina's storm surge crippled New Orleans, Louisiana, for weeks and devastated the Mississippi coastline. Alpha weakened to a tropical depression over Hispaniola's steep mountains. This allowed the persistence of the anomalously warm sea surface temperatures that had contributed to the active 2004 hurricane season; this warmth remained until November 2005. It was the costliest season on record at the time, until its record was surpassed 12 years later. [14] Dennis left $2.23 billion in damage along the Florida Panhandle. [102] Katrina also spawned an outbreak of 62 tornadoes across the eight states in the eastern United States. [40] Emily was the earliest 5th named storm before being surpassed by Tropical Storm Edouard in 2020. Vince was the first tropical cyclone on record to make landfall in Spain. [158], A surface low attached to a stationary front formed underneath an upper-level low east of Bermuda on November 27. [73] The same tornado inflicted severe damage to 11 planes and 5 vintage helicopters at Tara Field and impacted hundreds of homes to some degree. On September 10, Nate transitioned into an extratropical storm which was absorbed by a larger extratropical storm near the Azores on September 13. Zeta weakened again as it turned westward, degenerating into a remnant low on January 6; the circulation dissipated on the next day to the southeast of Bermuda. [8], In their July forecast update, TSR anticipated that the season would be exceptionally active and well above average; the group increased their forecast to 15.3 tropical storms, 8.8 hurricanes, and 4.1 major hurricanes, with an ACE rating of 190. [100] The hurricane left catastrophic damage across southern Louisiana, with more than 300,000 houses damaged or destroyed; most of these were in Orleans Parish. A day later, Emily dissipated over land. Later that day, the storm moved ashore just west of Pensacola, Florida. Of the 15 hurricanes, 5 formed in September, with the season becoming only the sixth to feature 5 in that month. Timeline of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, List of historical tropical cyclone names, Regional Specialized Meteorological Center, "Tropical Storm Eta expected to intensify into the season's 12th hurricane on Monday", "Background Information: The North Atlantic hurricane season", Extended Range Forecast of Atlantic Seasonal Hurricane Activity and US Landfall Strike Probability for 2005, July Forecast Update for Atlantic Hurricane Activity in 2005, August Forecast Update for Atlantic Hurricane Activity in 2005, "NOAA: August 2005 Update to Atlantic Hurricane Season Outlook", Forecast of Atlantic hurricane activity for September and October 2005 and seasonal update through August, Forecast of Atlantic hurricane activity for October 2005 and seasonal update through September, The 2005 North Atlantic Hurricane Season A Climate Perspective, State of the Climate: Hurricanes and Tropical Storms – Annual 2005, North Atlantic Hurricane Basin (1851–2018) Comparison of Original and Revised HURDAT, "Why This Hurricane Season Isn't as Active as It Seems", Atlantic basin Comparison of Original and Revised HURDAT, "ENSO's Impact on Regional U.S. Hurricane Activity", "Multidecadal variability of Atlantic hurricane activity: 1851–2007", "Large-Scale Controls on Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity on Seasonal Time Scales", "Tropical Cyclone Formation in Environments with Cool SST and High Wind Shear over the Northeastern Atlantic Ocean*", "Will Hurricanes Change as the World Warms? - Use `` 2001 hurricane season '' in a river swollen by rains from.! 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