Common Name: Southern Stingray Scientific Name: Dasyatis americana ... they feed on fish, crustaceans and mollusks which they crush with their strong, flattened teeth. This specimen is the largest and most complete Eagle Ray specimen of its kind discovered in the neighboring phosphate mine. Having its spiracles on the top allow the ray to acquire water when it is laying on the bottom or buried in the sand. 4. Southern Stingray. The back of this species is brown, often mottled or spotted, and the underside is white to orange. They find their prey using electro-reception and their excellent senses of smell and touch. The 3 to 5 young of the stingray develop inside the mother and are about 7 in (18 cm) wide at birth. STINGRAY VENOM WAS USED AS AN ANESTHETIC. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/fish/group/stingrays It can be distinguished from the others since it is the only one with a true tail fin. SOURCES: Diaz, J. The round stingray is one of six rays found in California waters which have a stinger on the tail. upper dental battery found by George W. Powell, Jr. The barb on this ray is for defense and contains venom that produces intense pain and sometimes paralysis in humans. At the end of the tail are one or more barbed spines covered by a sheath. Description: The disk of the round stingray is nearly circular. Since their prey is often buried in the sand, they un-bury it by forcing streams of water out their mouth or flapping their fins over the sand. Its disk is rhomboid in shape like the Atlantic’s disk, but is distinguishable by its blunt or rounded snout. A stingray’s tail is long, thin, and tapered, much like a whip. It uses its whip-like tail to stab the stinger into predators. Australian Venom Research Unit: "First Aid Information: Stingray." Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society, July-August, 2007. Southern stingray is a non-aggressive animal, posing little threat to humans. Hey kids, get ready to hold your breath and take a dip in the sea, as we explore these intere-sting stingray facts!With the help of our friends over at The Deep, their stingray experts have helped us put together some fishy facts on these magnificient sea creatures – and what”s more, you can download their infographic for free and stick it on your wall! Southern stingray lives alone or with a mate, and is occasionally found in groups. Southern stingrays eat bivalves, worms, small fish and crustaceans. A Southern Stingray has spiracles located on the top of its head. The Southern Stingray’s diet consists of clams, crabs, shrimps, worms and small fish. Of the many stingray specimens discovered in the neighboring phosphate mine, the most notable is an Eagle Ray, (Aetobatus sp.) The teeth are joined together to form a beak-like structure. all stingray species have much the same habits. The skin is usually an iridescent blue or silver in color. 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