An international mobile subscriber identity-catcher, or IMSI-catcher, is a telephone eavesdropping device used for intercepting mobile phone traffic and tracking location data of mobile phone users. Baltimore Police, for example, have used their devices for a wide variety of purposes, ranging from tracking a kidnapper to trying to locate a man who took his wife’s phone during an argument (and later returned it to her). To aid in that effort, we’ve partnered with community-based organizations in the Electronic Frontier Alliance—and other concerned civil society organizations—in launching About Face. It's old news that governments around the world are misusing private company-sold digital surveillance software track and target people for human rights abuses. Cell-site simulators can also log IMSI numbers (unique identifying numbers) of all of the mobile devices within a given area. Stingray devices – when used properly – mimic a cell tower and force all phones in range to link to them. U.S. There are other researchers, including those at EFF, looking into this further. The city council of Somerville, Massachusetts voted unanimously last week to become the first city on the East Coast to ban government face surveillance. If your phone even does that. Other sellers of cell-site simulators include Atos, Rayzone, Martone Radio Technology, Septier Communication, PKI Electronic Intelligence, Datong (Seven Technologies Group), Ability Computers and Software Industries, Gamma Group, Rohde & Schwarz, Meganet Corporation. These indiscriminate, dragnet searches include phones located in traditionally protected private spaces, such as homes and doctors’ offices. Some devices have a range of “several kilometers,” meaning potentially thousands of people could have their privacy violated despite not being suspected of any crime. The ACLU has uncovered evidence that federal and local law enforcement agencies are actively trying to conceal their use from public scrutiny, and we are continuing to push for transparency and reform. In Baltimore, a judge concluded that law enforcement had intentionally withheld the information from the defense, in violation of their legal disclosure obligations. The Electronic Frontier Foundation has called the devices “an unconstitutional, all-you-can-eat data buffet.” Marshals and the FBI have attached cell-site simulators to airplanes to track suspects, gathering massive amounts of data about many innocent people in the process.  Law enforcement use cell-site simulators to pinpoint the location of phones with greater accuracy than phone companies. In one case, Annapolis Police used a cell-site simulator to investigate a robbery involving $56 worth of submarine sandwiches and chicken wings. This causes devices within range to disconnect from their service providers’ legitimate cell sites and to instead establish a new connection with the cell-site simulator. Generally, there are two types of device used by law enforcement that are often referred to interchangeably: passive devices (which we will call IMSI catchers), and active devices (which we will call cell-site simulators.) The StingRay simulates a cell tower, prompting cellphones within its range to identify themselves and transmit their signals to the police instead of the nearest mobile network operator’s tower. Salangid Active Fuel Management Disable Device RA003 fit for GM V8 V6 engine. The use of cell-site simulators have been shrouded in government secrecy. Called White-Stingray, the system uses only a PC and a software-defined radio, which allows it to receive and transmit a wide and highly adaptable range of radio frequencies. (The government then admitted to having used it. DiabloSport M1000X Plug-In Tuning Module (Marathon Obdii) They're used by police, federal officials and hackers. According to the Electronic Frontier Foundation: It is not known whether the data is being stored, and if so, for how long and which agencies have access to it. Cell-site simulators also have passive capabilities, such as identifying legitimate cell sites and mapping out their coverage areas. And when police use a Stingray, it’s not just the suspects’ phone information the device sucks up, but all the innocent people around such suspect as well. Stingray Tracking Devices: Who's Got Them? Edmonton police are backtracking after admitting to using a StingRay, a controversial surveillance device that can indiscriminately eavesdrop on any cellphone within its range. It entices all mobile phones and wireless broadband cards within range of the device to connect. Cell-site simulators operate by conducting a general search of all cell phones within the device’s radius, in violation of basic constitutional protections. Stingray Tracking Devices: Who's Got Them? This bill requires California police to get a warrant before using a cell-site simulator. The Stingray has become so popular, in fact, that “Stingray” has become a generic name used informally to describe all kinds of IMSI catcher-style devices. It acts as an electronic vacuum cleaner, gathering information from every smartphone that comes into its range. Cell-site simulators, also known as Stingrays or IMSI catchers, are devices that masquerade as legitimate cell-phone towers, tricking phones within a certain radius into connecting to the device rather than a tower.Â. Stingray devices are categorized as cell-site simulators by the Federal Government. Stingrays, also known as “cell site simulators” or “IMSI catchers,” are invasive cell phone surveillance devices that mimic cell phone towers and send out signals to trick cell phones in the area into transmitting their locations and identifying information. Cell-site simulators are used by the FBI, DEA, NSA, Secret Service, and ICE, as well as the U.S. Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and National Guard. To exploit this, cell-site simulators broadcast signals that are either stronger than the legitimate cell sites around them, or are made to appear stronger. It is difficult for most people to know whether or not their phone’s signals have been accessed by an active cell-site simulator, and it is impossible for anyone to know if their phone’s signals have been accessed by a passive IMSI catcher. Some states, such as California, already require a warrant, except in emergency situations. Advertisement - story continues below. Any evidence obtained from a cell-site simulator without a warrant is inadmissible in court.Â. For instance, security researchers at the University of Washington have designed a system to measure the use of cell-site simulators across Seattle. Digital Receiver Technology, a division of Boeing, is also a common supplier of the technology, often referred to as “dirtboxes.”Â. Black, white, or indigenous; well-resourced or indigent; San Francisco residents should be free to assemble and protest without fear of police surveillance technology or retribution. Help ACLU take on assaults to our civil liberties at a moment's notice! For the reasons above, EFF opposes police use of cell site simulators. In the time that the device is activated — usually under 15 minutes — it quickly captures unique identifying data from each of the cellphones within its range, and then releases those phones to reconnect to cellular networks. The Stingray will “intercept” data traveling from your phone to a 2G tower. For example, in Malaysia and Singapore, stingray is commonly grilled over charcoal, then served with spicy sambal sauce, or soy sauce. Your Secret Stingray's No Secret Anymore: The Vanishing Government Monopoly over Cell Phone Surveillance and Its Impact on National Security and Consumer Privacy, Examining Law Enforcement Use of Cell Phone Tracking Devices, The Relentless “Eye” Local Surveillance: Its Impact on Human Rights and Its Relationship to National and International Surveillance, Department of Justice Policy Guidance: Use of Cell-Site Simulator Technology, Long-Secret Stingray Manuals Detail How Police Can Spy on Phones, A Secret Catalogue of Government Gear for Spying on Your Cellphone, San Francisco Supervisors Must Rein In SFPD’s Abuse of Surveillance Cameras, EFF to Court: Trump Appointee’s Removal of Open Technology Fund Leadership Is Unlawful, EFF Launches Searchable Database of Police Agencies and the Tech Tools They Use to Spy on Communities, Schools Are Pushing the Boundaries of Surveillance Technologies, Learn more at EFF's Surveillance Self-Defense guide for students, About Face: Ending Government Use of Face Surveillance, FTC Takes Action Against Stalkerware Company Retina-X, Private Companies, Government Surveillance Software and Human Rights, Americans Deserve Their Day in Court About NSA Mass Surveillance Programs, Victory: Oakland City Council Votes to Ban Government Use of Face Surveillance, Surveillance and Community Safety Ordinance, Victory: Somerville, Massachusetts Stands Up to Stop Face Surveillance. The user then is able to extract data, location information and communication from the cellphone. This item C7 CORVETTE STINGRAY/Z06 RANGE AFM DISABLER DEVICE #1 Best Seller DiabloSport S1000 Sprint Car Fuel Management Module 2005 To Current GM Vehicles Sprint Car Fuel Management Module. Do you have any protection against smart phone tracking?  Â. They can read your text messages, see where you are and more. It can also intercept metadata (such as information about calls made and the amount of time on each call), the content of unencrypted phone calls and text messages and some types of data usage (such as websites visited). We are in the process of collecting these policies. Stingray Facts and Information Introduction to Stingray. The stingray can definitely provide accurate location data for its targets. LEARN MORE ABOUT US, AND HOW YOU CAN HELP. I’m pretty sure my plan only uses 3G / 4G, and if those two were not available, it would do nothing, no data no phone calls. The Intercept published a secret, internal U.S. government catalogue of various cellphone surveillance devices, as well as an older cell-site simulator manual made available through a Freedom of Information Act request. It is encouraging to see cities across the country take this proactive step in anticipating the surveillance problems on the horizon and head them off in... EFF TURNS 30 THIS YEAR! But it wasn't until after the 2007 or 2008 release of the StingRay II, which included a GPS antennae to upgrade its phone location tracking, that the devices began really spreading across the … Learn more at EFF's Surveillance Self-Defense guide for students.A school district in New York recently adopted facial recognition technology to monitor students, and it is now one of a growing number of schools across the country conducting mass privacy violations of kids in the name of “safety.” The... EFF wants to help end government use of face surveillance in your community. Some cell-site simulators are small enough to fit in a police cruiser, allowing law enforcement officers to drive to multiple locations, capturing from every mobile device in a given area—in some cases up to 10,000 phones at a time. The good news is that you can disable the Wi-Fi calling feature on your device, but Wi-Fi auto connect can only be disabled when such a network is in range.  Additionally, marketing materials produced by the manufacturers of cell-site simulators indicate that they can be configured to divert calls and text messages, edit messages, and even spoof the identity of a caller in text messages and calls. Manufacturers Septier and Gamma GSM both provide information on what the devices can capture. [ACLU v. CBP] Documents Released Under Lawsuit, ACLU v. CBP - Documents Released Under Lawsuit, We Need You With Us — help defend our civil liberties.  Cell-site simulators invade the privacy of everyone who happens to be in a given area, regardless of the fact that the vast majority have not been accused of committing a crime.Â. In light of this secrecy, the FBI told police officers to recreate evidence from the devices, according to a document obtained by the nonprofit investigative journalism outlet Oklahoma Watch.Â. That's far more than any other tower they tested—96 percent of their data showed towers transmitting on just one channel—and represents a telltale sign of a stingray. Few of the device’s capabilities are acknowledged by law enforcement, but how it works is fairly well-known: As long as a cellphone is emitting a signal to a cell tower, a Stingray can find it. In official testimonies law enforcement officials stated that the device gave them the ability to track the cell phone within 6 feet of its actual location and identify a specific phone within a highly populated apartment complex. Law enforcement officers have used information from cell-site simulators to investigate major and minor crimes and civil offenses. A “Stingray” is just one brand name; there are many makes and models. They are also known as IMSI (International Mobile Subscriber Identity) catchers. The range of Harris Corporation’s Stingray, according to manuals previously leaked by the Intercept, is approximately 200 meters. Law enforcement should obtain individualized warrants based on probable cause; Cell-site simulators should only be used for serious, violent crimes; Cell-site simulators should only be used for identifying location; Law enforcement must minimize the collection of data from people who are not the targets of the investigation. Once these connections are established, they enable the operator to collect all sorts of sensitive information. When used to track a suspect’s cell phone, they also gather information about the phones of countless bystanders who happen to be nearby. The Miami-Dade Police Department apparently first purchased a cell-site simulator in 2003 to surveil protestors at a Free Trade of the Americas Agreement conference.Â. The Stingray deceives cell phones by imitating a cell tower. Critics have called the use of the devices by government agencies warrantless cell phone tracking, as they have frequently been used without informing the court system or obtaining a warrant. This is a paper that I wrote for my Wireless Networking class in Spring 2020. Police can use cell-site simulators to try to find a suspect when they already know their phone’s identifying information, or to scoop up data on anyone in a specific area. Generally, there are two types of device used by law enforcement that are often referred to interchangeably: passive devices (which we will call IMSI catchers), and active devices (which we will call cell-site simulators.) An example would be if a person is in jail and requires a court ordered monitor before they can be released, Stingray Monitoring will be here for you. Homeland Security grant and the cost matches Harris Corp. prices lists for its Stingray device, Wessler said. The map below tracks what we know, based on press reports and publicly available documents, about the use of stingray tracking devices by state and local police departments. Examples of "How To Tell" if your cell phone is picking up a fake Stingray cell phone tower. Usually, the Stingray … The FTC recently took action against stalkerware developer Retina-X, the company behind apps MobileSpy, PhoneSheriff, and Teenspy. Prosecutors have accepted plea deals to hide their use of cell-site simulators and have even dropped cases rather than revealing information about their use of the technology. Read honest and … Show your ACLU pride and wear your rights. Recently, Amnesty International reported finding that two prominent Moroccan human rights defenders had been targeted using Israeli-based NSO Group’s software. They Harris Corporation is the most prevalent company providing cell-site simulators to law enforcement. (ACLU), Your Secret Stingray's No Secret Anymore: The Vanishing Government Monopoly over Cell Phone Surveillance and Its Impact on National Security and Consumer Privacy (Harvard Journal of Law and Technology), Examining Law Enforcement Use of Cell Phone Tracking Devices (House Oversight Committee)Â, The Relentless “Eye” Local Surveillance: Its Impact on Human Rights and Its Relationship to National and International Surveillance (Center for Media Justice and others), Department of Justice Policy Guidance: Use of Cell-Site Simulator Technology (U.S. Department of Justice), Long-Secret Stingray Manuals Detail How Police Can Spy on Phones  (The Intercept), A Secret Catalogue of Government Gear for Spying on Your Cellphone (The Intercept). Some more advanced tools have been built, which may be more accurate. Police have tried to keep information secret in Sarasota, Florida, Tacoma, Washington, Baltimore, Maryland, and St. Louis, Missouri. 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